Developments in ammonia for fuel cells

October 26th, 2018, Published in Articles: Energize

IHI Corporation tested its 1 kW ammonia-fueled solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) in Japan; Project Alkammonia concluded its work on cracked-ammonia-fed alkaline fuel cells (AFC) in the EU; the University of Delaware’s project for low-temperature direct ammonia fuel cells (DAFC) continues with funding from the US Department of Energy’s ARPA-E; and, in Israel, GenCell launched its commercial 4 kW ammonia-fed AFC with field demonstrations at up to 800 locations across Kenya.

In May 2019, Chemtronergy will complete another project funded under ARPA-E’s REFUEL program, Cost-effective, Intermediate-temperature Fuel Cell for Carbon-free Power Generation. This ammonia-fueled SOFC runs at a lower-than-usual temperature (650°C), and the team hopes to reduce system cost “using a combination of advanced materials discovery, reaction kinetics modeling, and 3D printing technology for large-scale rapid prototyping.” In 2020, SAFCell will be concluding its ARPA-E funded project, Distributed Electrochemical Production and Conversion of Carbon-Neutral Ammonia. This is a solid acid fuel cell (SAFC) designed to produce power from ammonia. And the technology is reversible: it will also produce ammonia from power.

Contact NH3 Fuel Association,