In every issue of Energize there are four main sections, covering all aspects of electric power and energy:
- Renewable energy
- Transmission and Distribution
Renewable energy: Wind energy developments
Design and manufacture; wind farms and wind-power systems; associated regulation, protection, control and automation systems; measurement, logging and prediction systems; SA wind atlas (SAWA).
Transmission and distribution: Smart grid developments
Power system and substation monitoring, control and automation systems; DCS and SCADA systems; data communication and telecontrol systems; T&D system protection schemes, relays and testing; customer metering and remote meter reading systems and technologies; system modelling and analysis.
Generation: Nuclear power generation plants
Construction, management, operation and maintenance; new nuclear power developments; small modular nuclear reactors; nuclear waste management, transport, recycling and disposal; pollution control and environmental protection; associated plant and equipment; hybrid power.
Application: Water and wastewater applications
Water desalination systems; operation, condition monitoring, maintenance and repair of pumps, motors and associated drives; energy recovery in water reticulation systems; solar powered water pumping; irrigation system pump motors and controls.
Renewable energy: Bio-fuel and waste power generation systems
Biomass, biogas from landfill municipal and agricultural waste; ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, maize and sugar to liquid fuel plants; cofiring and multi-fuel boilers and gas engines; generation of heat and power from forestry, agricultural, sugar cane, pulp, and paper waste.
Transmission and distribution: AC overhead lines
Towers, conductors and line hardware, ABC systems and components; construction, testing and maintenance of lines; testing, maintenance, protection, and safety equipment and systems; autoreclosers, line sectionalisers, disconnect switches, fault passage indicators; optical ground wire.
Generation: Coal-fi red power plants
Boilers, supercritical and hypercritical boiler systems, steam turbines, generators, condensers, cooling towers and heat exchangers; mechanically driven equipment and associated drives; coal and ash material handling systems.
Application: Chemical and petrochemical industry applications
Rectifiers, controlled rectifiers, rectifier transformers and electrolytic processes; intrinsically safe and explosion-proof electrical and instrumentation systems.
Renewable energy: Solar thermal power gerneration systems
Planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of solar thermal power generation systems; tower and trough concentrating solar power (CSP) systems; combined thermal and CSP power stations; heat storage systems; geothermal power generation systems; ground source heating and cooling systems; solar heating and cooling systems.
Transmission and distribution: Substations
Design, installation, maintenance and operation of outdoor and indoor substations; busbar systems and insulators; system protection schemes; CTs and VTs; substation automation, mobile substations; protection relays, substation switchgear and apparatus; copper theft prevention.
Generation: Energy storage systems
Storage system applications, electro-chemical storage systems, reversible fuel cells, super-capacitors, kinetic and potential energy storage systems, advanced battery technologies.
Application: Transportation applications
Traction motor design and repair, power converters for electric traction; traction transformers, electric and hybrid vehicles, mine electric locomotives, batteries and chargers; forklifts and container handlers.
Renewable energy: Sustainable energy project costing and financing
Sources of finance, governmental support programmes, (IDC, etc.); utility support programs (DSM, etc.); carbon credits and clean development mechanism funding; private financial institution funding.
Transmission and distribution: Power transformers design, manufacture, installation and operation
Power transformer components, materials and accessories; windings, insulation materials, insulators and bushings; tap changers and associated equipment; power transformer operation, condition monitoring and testing techniques and equipment; power transformer maintenance and repair techniques, equipment and components; transformer oil testing, analysis and treatment; theft of transformer oil.
Generation: Co-generation power plants
Small steam turbines and alternator sets; industrial waste heat and waste product-fi red boilers; fuel sources and fuel handling; waste gas systems – furnace off-gas and industrial biogas; heat recovery and steam generation systems.
Application: Metal and minerals beneficiation applications
Arc furnaces and induction furnaces; mills and foundries; associated large single and multi-motor variable speed drives; conveyor and stacker reclaimer systems; silo monitoring and management systems; voltage control systems for dip and sag ride through; energy efficiency.
Renewable energy: Utility scale photovoltaic (PV) power systems
PV panel technology, developments and manufacture; trackers, inverters, balance of plant equipment, monitoring and control systems; mounting systems, cables and connector boxes.
Transmission and distribution: System modelling analysis and planning
Pricing and metering systems; industrial, commercial and domestic service connections, meters and meter reading systems; electricity pricing, wholesale and retail tariffs; prepayment meters, vending and revenue collection systems; credit meters and credit management; energy, demand, load profile and consumption studies.
Generation: Hydro-power plants
Turbines, generators, pumped water storage (PWS) systems; pumps, run-of-river hydropower systems; hydropower plant control, monitoring, management and maintenance; ocean (wave) power.
Application: Commercial, industrial and residential building applications
Management of energy in buildings; energy efficient building services; green buildings and building management systems; energy efficient lighting; load and process cycle shifting; energy auditing and tariff impact studies; power quality management; demand side energy management.
Renewable energy: Grid connections
Grid codes for wind and solar plants; reactive power management systems, fault ride-through protection; advanced inverter design and operation; transformers and switchgear.
Transmission and distribution: Switchgear and protection
Medium and high voltage switchgear; air insulated, gas insulated and solid insulated switchgear, metal clad switchgear, SF6 insulated switchgear, vacuum circuit breakers, contactors, isolators, fused isolators, fuse gear; switchgear testing and maintenance techniques and systems.
Generation: Fixed and mobile standby and temporary power generation systems
Diesel and gas engine powered generators; containerised and mobile generator sets; power farms; monitoring, protection, automation, control and synchronisation; power rental systems.
Application: High reliability power supply for critical operations
UPS systems, standby power supplies (SPS), rectifiers, inverters and batteries; hybrid UPS/SPS systems; remote monitoring and control of UPS/SPS systems; lightning and surge protection; power quality and quality-of-supply auditing; power quality monitoring, reporting and management systems.
Renewable energy: Sustainable energy policy and strategy
White paper on renewable energy; integrated energy resource plan (IRP); grid access and NERSA regulations and guidelines; power purchase agreements (PPAs).
Transmission and distribution: Distribution transformer design and application
Oil insulated and dry-type distribution transformers; pole mount and pad mount transformers; tap changers and associated equipment; distribution transformer maintenance testing and repair.
Generation: Gas fueled power generation systems
Open-cycle gas (OCG) and combined-cycle gas (CCG) systems; combined heat and power (CHP) plants; reciprocating gas engine plant; tri-generation systems.
Application: Industrial power quality management systems
Load profile and quality of supply metering, active and reactive power demand, voltage control systems; power quality management systems; dip and sag ride through systems; industrial power factor correction, harmonic filters.
Renewable energy: Off-grid and mini-grid power supply systems
Planning, design, installation, operation and maintenance of systems for electrification of rural villages, schools and clinics; systems for deep rural off-grid electrification; remote off-grid power supply systems for telecoms and other applications.
Transmission and distribution: Power cable design and application
Single-core and multi-core power cables for transmission and distribution; power cable accessories, terminations, and connections; testing and fault location techniques and equipment; jointing and terminating systems; cable theft prevention systems.
Generation: Clean coal power generation technologies
Emission control systems; carbon capture and storage systems; underground coal gasification; pre- and post-combustion systems; flue gas scrubbing systems; electrostatic precipitators; particulate filters.
Application: Manufacturing and processing industry applications
Fixed and variable speed drives; MCCs and motor control applications; processing, control and energy management systems; energy efficiency; demand-side energy management; factory environmental control systems, energy efficient cooling and cold storage.
Renewable energy: Small to medium embedded renewable energy generation plant
Municipal and distribution utility own generation plant; PV, waste power and wind systems, grid connection, generation and dispatch management; integration with demand management programmes; network energy storage and dispatch; legislation, generation licensing.
Transmission and distribution: Quality of supply and power quality measurement systems and services
Transmission line shunt and series capacitor banks, reactors and associated protection relays and schemes; static var compensators (SVCs) and other FACTS devices and equipment; large harmonic fi lters and associated system studies; step voltage regulators.
Generation: Generating plant maintenance and repair
Maintenance, repair and refurbishment of turbines, engines, alternators, furnaces, boilers and ancillary equipment; testing, condition monitoring and asset management.
Application: Energy intensive and heavy industry applications
MV variable speed drives, load shifting and load control; energy management and energy saving technologies; industrial process control and expert control systems; energy efficiency; demand-side energy management; containerised and mobile switchgear units.
Renewable energy: Rooftop PV systems
Own generation PV rooftop systems; inverters, protection equipment, grid connections, net-metering, battery storage systems, standards and legislation; monitoring and control systems.
Transmission and distribution: MV distribution systems
Mini-substations and ring main systems; MV distribution and distribution boards; MV circuit breakers and protection; arc flash protection equipment and systems; earthing and lightning protection; protection schemes, relays and testing; MV and LV reticulation for commercial buildings, office parks, sports stadiums and campuses, housing estates and complexes.
Generation: Power plant planning, operation, maintenance and protection
Power plant project planning; power plant control and instrumentation systems; PLC, DCS and SCADA systems; field instrumentation; generator protection relays and systems; power plant maintenance, testing, condition monitoring and asset management.
Application: Mining and raw materials handling applications
Mine winder, mill, fan, pump, compressor and chiller drives; energy recovery systems; underground hazardous gas and environmental monitoring; containerised and mobile switchgear units.
November / December
Renewable energy: Hybrid power generation systems
Planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of hybrid systems; combined wind, hydro, pumped storage, solar PV, concentrating solar, energy storage, diesel, gas or biomass power and heat generation systems.
Transmission and distribution: High voltage DC transmission
HVDC power transmission, lines, towers and line hardware; HVDC light cable systems and hardware, HVDC converter equipment and systems; outdoor HVDC substations, switchgear and apparatus; safety equipment and practices.
Generation: Independent power producers (IPPs)
Power generation for in-house (own) use, for wheeling and for sale; power purchase agreements (PPAs), grid access, mains connection and synchronisation; operation, protection, control and monitoring of distributed power generation plant; legislation and standards.
Application: Large electrical rotating machines
Design, operation, protection, maintenance and repair of synchronous, squirrel cage and wound rotor induction motors and drives; motor starters and soft start systems for large motors.